Pupil Premium Plus (PPP)

The Pupil Premium Plus (PPP) for children in care is additional funding for schools to support and help raise their educational attainment and progress. The Virtual School devolves this funding to schools, and works with designated teachers, social workers and carers to target and utilise this funding effectively.

Introduction to the Pupil Premium Plus

The funding is provided by the Department for Education and devolved to schools and education providers by the Virtual School. All children in care to Northamptonshire County Council enrolled at a school from Reception to Year 11 are eligible to receive the Pupil Premium Plus.

Children previously in care who are enrolled at a school from Reception to Year 11 may also be eligible to receive Pupil Premium Plus funding, however the Virtual School does not oversee the allocation or devolution of PPP funding to these children. The Virtual School can, however provide advice and information regarding the PPP for children previously in care.

The Virtual School has produced a one-page guide to the Pupil Premium Plus for carers, Designated Teachers, and other individuals working with children in care:

How will the Pupil Premium Plus be allocated and paid?

The Virtual School transfers PPP funding to any school or setting where a child in care is on roll, and the 'PPP Plan and Review' page of the Personal Education Plan (PEP) has been completed through ePEP. Schools should use the ePEP system to record their Pupil Premium Plus spend and assess its impact on a termly basis.

The PPP will be transferred to schools and settings in three termly instalments of roughly equal amount. For the 2018 to 2019 financial year, children in care can receive up to £2,300 of PPP funding.

Children who enter care part-way through a term will be automatically identified by the Virtual School, and will receive PPP funding if a PEP is completed within the term in which the student comes into care, in line with our arrangements (available at the base of this page).


Children in care to other local authorities will receive their PPP funding from the authority they are in care to, even if they are studying at a school in Northamptonshire. Other authorities may choose to devolve their PPP funding at different times and for different amounts. The Northamptonshire Virtual School can help in contacting the required Virtual School if required.

Pupil Premium Plus for children previously in care

Some children previously in care are also eligible to receive PPP funding, however 'Post-LAC' PPP funding is not managed or devolved by the Virtual School.

To receive this funding, it is the responsibility of the school the child attends to formally record the child's previously looked-after status in their annual January school census, with funding then allocated in the summer. If a child's Post-LAC status is not recorded at this point, schools may face a delay of over one year before this funding can be allocated.

Although the Virtual School does not devolve Post-LAC PPP funding, the Virtual School can provide advice and guidance for schools, social workers, and carers on how the PPP can be used effectively to support children previously in care.


To qualify for previously looked-after PPP funding, a child must have been "...looked after by an English or Welsh local authority immediately before being adopted, or [have] left local authority care on a special guardianship order or a child arrangements order (previously known as a residence order)"

- Pupil Premium 2018 to 2019: Conditions of Grant, Department for Education

How can the funding be utilised?

The PPP should be used to support SMART targets within a student's PEP. These targets and related expenditures should be reviewed on a termly basis at each student's PEP meeting. Schools have significant scope to use the Pupil Premium Plus for support and intervention programmes that they deem appropriate for a child in care, and the Virtual School, designated teachers, and social workers will work together to identify appropriate and effective uses of the PPP.

The Virtual School recommends that the PPP is used primarily in the following areas of development. Examples of each intervention are also displayed for reference purposes. Targets for children in care should be set with reference to their unique situation and needs.

​Intervention / target type​Example

​In-class academic attainment

​Providing one-to-one tuition or TA support in class.

Training staff, and funding the staffing costs of key adults who are attachment and trauma aware.

​Transition planning

Facilitating visits to further or higher education centres.

Taking a student in year 6 to visit their new school and teachers.

Helping students in Year 2 familiarise themselves with a change of environment as they start Key Stage 2.

​Wider achievement and extra-curricular learning outside the classroom

​Taking students on visits to universities, or careers events.

Supporting the costs of after-school clubs and societies.

​Attendance and inclusion

​Addressing barriers preventing students from attending school on a regular basis.

Providing regular meet-and-greets or a designated mentor for students to access during the school day. 

​Social, emotional, and mental health (SEMH)

​Supporting interventions which de-escalate negative behaviour in the classroom.

Helping to provide counselling or resources to address ongoing SEMH concerns.

Paying towards the cost of an Educational Psychology service.

​Supplementing a child's Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)​The PPP cannot be used to provide services and support required as part of a EHCP, but it can be used to provide supplementary support beyond the core requirements of an EHCP.

As part of the process of setting SMART targets for students, schools should consider the child's current situation and clearly identify the improvement expected by the end of the term. The setting of baseline data will help all involved parties to better assess the progress that every child is making, and the scope for future development and success.

Monitoring of how our children in care benefit from this funding will be through the Personal Education Plan (PEP) meetings.

Early Years Pupil Premium (EYPP)

Children in care aged three or four who are in receipt of 15 hours of free childcare are eligible to receive Early Years Pupil Premium (EYPP). The Virtual School is responsible for identifying qualifying children and liaising with the Early Years Funding Team to give this funding to nurseries and early years providers.

Like the PPP, the EYPP should be used to narrow the gap in attainment and social development between children in care and their peers. Eligible children in care may receive up a maximum of £300 per financial year, and planned expenditure and associated progress should be recorded by the child's early years provider through their PEP.

The Department for Education has produced a detailed research report examining effective use and creative planning for the EYPP. The report is available through the link below:

Pupil Premium Plus arrangements

Detailed information on the Pupil Premium Plus, and the formal arrangements by which funding will be transferred by the Northamptonshire Virtual School are available in the following document:

Contact us

For additional information or queries regarding the Pupil Premium Plus, including queries concerning specific payments to schools, please contact the Virtual School at:

Email: virtualschool@childrenfirstnorthamptonshire.co.uk 

Phone: 01604 365 912